Vedolizumab for Ulcerative Colitis: Treatment Outcomes from the VICTORY Consortium.

TitleVedolizumab for Ulcerative Colitis: Treatment Outcomes from the VICTORY Consortium.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsNarula N, Peerani F, Meserve J, Kochhar G, Chaudrey K, Hartke J, Chilukuri P, Koliani-Pace J, Winters A, Katta L, Shmidt E, Hirten R, Faleck D, Parikh MP, Whitehead D, Boland BS, Singh S, Sagi SVarma, Fischer M, Chang S, Barocas M, Luo M, Lasch K, Bohm M, Lukin D, Sultan K, Swaminath A, Hudesman D, Gupta N, Shen B, Kane S, Loftus EV, Siegel CA, Sands BE, Colombel J-F, Sandborn WJ, Dulai PS
JournalAm J Gastroenterol
Date Published2018 09
KeywordsAdult, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized, Colectomy, Colitis, Ulcerative, Colon, Colonoscopy, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Gastrointestinal Agents, Glucocorticoids, Humans, Infections, Male, Middle Aged, Registries, Remission Induction, Retrospective Studies, Severity of Illness Index, Treatment Outcome, Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to quantify the safety and effectiveness of vedolizumab (VDZ) when used for UC, and to identify predictors of response to treatment.

METHODS: Retrospective review (May 2014-December 2016) of VICTORY Consortium data. Adults with follow-up after starting VDZ for clinically active UC were included. Primary effectiveness outcomes were cumulative rates of clinical remission (resolution of all UC-related symptoms) and endoscopic remission (Mayo endoscopic sub-score 0). Key secondary effectiveness outcomes included cumulative rates of corticosteroid-free remission and deep remission (clinical remission and endoscopic remission). Cox proportional hazard analyses were used to identify independent predictors of treatment effectiveness. Non-response imputation (NRI) sensitivity analyses were performed for effectiveness outcomes. Key safety outcomes were rates of serious infection, serious adverse events, and colectomy.

RESULTS: We included 321 UC patients (71% prior TNFα antagonist exposure, median follow-up 10 months). The 12-month cumulative rates of clinical remission and endoscopic remission were 51% and 41%, respectively. Corresponding rates for corticosteroid-free remission and deep remission were 37% and 30%, respectively. Using NRI, 12-month rates were 20% (n = 64/321) for clinical remission, 17% (n = 35/203) for endoscopic remission, 15% (n = 30/195) for corticosteroid-free remission, and 14% (n = 28/203) for deep remission. A majority of the patients without adequate follow-up at 12 months who were deemed non-responders using NRI had already achieved clinical remission (n = 70) or a significant clinical response (n = 36) prior to 12 months. VDZ discontinuation prior to 12 months was observed in 91 patients, for lack of response (n = 56), need for surgery (n = 29), or adverse event (n = 6). On multivariable analyses, prior exposure to a TNFα antagonist was associated with a reduced probability of achieving clinical remission (HR 0.53, 95% CI 0.38-0.75) and endoscopic remission (HR 0.51, 95% CI 0.29-0.88). Serious adverse events and serious infections were reported in 6% and 4% of patients, respectively. Overall cumulative rates of colectomy over 12 months were 13%, with lower rates observed in patients naive to TNFα antagonist therapy (2%) than those who had been exposed to TNFα antagonists (19%).

CONCLUSION: In this large real-world cohort we observed that VDZ was well tolerated and effective in achieving key clinical outcomes.

Alternate JournalAm J Gastroenterol
PubMed ID29946178
PubMed Central IDPMC6445254
Grant ListKL2 TR001444 / TR / NCATS NIH HHS / United States
T32 DK007202 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States