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Short Chain Fatty Acids Modulate the Growth and Virulence of Pathosymbiont and Host Response.

TitleShort Chain Fatty Acids Modulate the Growth and Virulence of Pathosymbiont and Host Response.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsZhang S, Dogan B, Guo C, Herlekar D, Stewart K, Scherl EJ, Simpson KW
JournalAntibiotics (Basel)
Volume9
Issue8
Date Published2020 Jul 30
ISSN2079-6382
Abstract

Short chain fatty acids (SCFA), principally acetate, propionate, and butyrate, are produced by fermentation of dietary fibers by the gut microbiota. SCFA regulate the growth and virulence of enteric pathogens, such as enterohemorrhagic (EHEC), and . We sought to investigate the impact of SCFA on growth and virulence of pathosymbiont associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and colorectal cancer (CRC), and their role in regulating host responses to bacterial infection in vitro. We found that under ileal conditions (pH = 7.4; 12 mM total SCFA), SCFA significantly ( < 0.05) potentiate the growth and motility of pathosymbiont . However, under colonic conditions (pH = 6.5; 65 to 123 mM total SCFA), SCFA significantly ( < 0.05) inhibit growth in a pH dependent fashion (up to 60%), and down-regulate virulence gene expression (e.g., . Functional analysis reveals that colonic SCFA significantly ( < 0.05) inhibit motility (up to 95%), infectivity (up to 60%), and type 1 fimbria-mediated agglutination (up to 50%). In addition, SCFA significantly ( < 0.05) inhibit the activation of NF-B, and IL-8 production by epithelial cells. Our findings provide novel insights on the role of the regional chemical microenvironment in regulating the growth and virulence of pathosymbiont and opportunities for therapeutic intervention.

DOI10.3390/antibiotics9080462
Alternate JournalAntibiotics (Basel)
PubMed ID32751519
PubMed Central IDPMC7460008