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The functional impact of the intestinal microbiome on mucosal immunity and systemic autoimmunity.

TitleThe functional impact of the intestinal microbiome on mucosal immunity and systemic autoimmunity.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsLongman RS, Littman DR
JournalCurr Opin Rheumatol
Volume27
Issue4
Pagination381-7
Date Published2015 Jul
ISSN1531-6963
Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review will highlight recent advances functionally linking the gut microbiome with mucosal and systemic immune cell activation underlying autoimmunity.

RECENT FINDINGS: Dynamic interactions between the gut microbiome and environmental cues (including diet and medicines) shape the effector potential of the microbial organ. Key bacteria and viruses have emerged that, in defined microenvironments, play a critical role in regulating effector lymphocyte functions. The coordinated interactions between these different microbial kingdoms - including bacteria, helminths, and viruses (termed transkingdom interactions) - play a key role in shaping immunity. Emerging strategies to identify immunologically relevant microbes with the potential to regulate immune cell functions both at mucosal sites and systemically will likely define diagnostic and therapeutic targets.

SUMMARY: The microbiome constitutes a critical microbial organ with coordinated interactions that shape host immunity.

DOI10.1097/BOR.0000000000000190
Alternate JournalCurr Opin Rheumatol
PubMed ID26002030
Grant ListDK083256-02 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
/ / Howard Hughes Medical Institute / United States